Safety Alert Tipping Vehicles
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN
ACCIDENT / INCIDENT DETAILS
A recent sector survey identified that there had been a significant number of incidents resulting in ‘Tipper Vehicles’ overturning during the last 3 years, the outcome of these overturns can often result in fatal or serious injury.
A brief summary of the results are as follows;
• 50 tippers overturned in last 3 years
• 74% were artics
• 76% were Hired (non-franchisees)
• 48% at Company owned fixed locations
• 36% due to crossfall (single reason)
• 52% due to multiple reasons citing one or more of the following:-
o Soft ground
o High winds
o Uneven loading
o Mechanical failure; poor maintenance
o Driver error
ACCIDENT / INCIDENT IMAGES
LEARNING POINTS / ACTIONS TAKEN
It is a legal requirement and good industry practice for all companies to ensure that a suitable and sufficient risk assessment is carried out, which then should be subject to regular review.
Now is a good time to carry out or review your risk assessment for ‘Tipping Vehicles’
Below are three key areas (but not exhaustive) that should be considered during the risk assessment process.
• Are tipping areas level, firm and stable (the whole site must be able to hold the vehicle and load during tipping)?
• Clear of overhead obstructions (there must be no power cables or pipe work)
• Are tipping areas adequately signed and restricted to authorised persons only?
• When tipping more than one vehicle at a time are there other methods used to prevent overturning?
• Where sites allow more than one vehicle at a time to tip are there adequate exclusion zones of more than the maximum tipping height of vehicles (around both vehicles and clearly demarcated)?
• The vehicle should remain level at all times, even if it is driven forward during tipping?
• When tipping into a hopper, pit or trench, is there enough strength/space to prevent the vehicle overloading the edge?
• Wheel-stops must be used when possible to help position vehicles they must be large enough to let the driver know when to stop?
• Are regular checks made and overspill cleared from surfaces to keep tipping areas level?
• Are regular checks made of tipping areas/operations to ensure that rules are obeyed and safe practices are being followed?
• Where loads are tipped on third party sites are requests made for a copy of the risk assessment and site rules as part of the contract process?
• Are drivers trained and competent to a recognised industry standard/Driver Skills Card?
• Have drivers received copies of safe loading and tipping procedures?
• Do visiting drivers report to the site manager for any relevant instructions before tipping?
• Do drivers check that their loads are evenly distributed across the vehicle before tipping?
• Are tailgates secured open before tipping, and removed completely when necessary?
• Are the drivers experienced enough to anticipate loads sticking?
• Are drivers aware what do when a load freezes/sticks? (If at any time there are signs of possible sideways toppling, the process should be stopped immediately and the body lowered)
• Are drivers aware articulated vehicles must be tipped with the cab and trailer in line?
• Do drivers always make sure that the body is completely empty, and drive no more than a few metres forward to make sure the load is clear?
• Are drivers under time pressure to tip loads?
• Can drivers identify and understand when there is a need to refuse to tip loads where there is an unacceptable risk? (are there procedures in place)
• Are you using the right vehicle for the product being transported and tipped?
• Are vehicles and trailers regularly maintained and inspected?
• Are checks carried out to ensure that the load is evenly distributed across the vehicle trailer?
• Identify what the maximum wind speeds vehicles can be tipped?
• Do drivers check rear trailer axle tyres for punctures prior to tipping?
• Are all trailer wheels deployed before tipping?
• Can tailgates be opened and secured safely?
LEARNING POINTS / ACTIONS IMAGES
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